Traditional medicine (طبّ سنّتی : pronounced Tebb-e Sonnaty in Persian) is the most important Alternative or Complementary medicine in IRAN.
According to this type of medicine all things (alive or not alive) are created from four General elements:
Nature and Temprament (مزاج : Mezaj) of animals including Human is the result of mixing of these four special elements. Healthy human has balance between these elements; any imbalance results in diseased nature and ill person:
A bad tempered person with fever, red and flushed skin and tongue, congested gingiva, sweet flavour in mouth, headache, yawning, numbness, slow movements, skin blisters and rashes, and pain in extremities.
A person with yellow skin, tongue and eye, bitter flavour in mouth, dry tongue and nasal mucosa, severe thirst, fever, dry coughs, weakness, and low appetite.
A person with white and soft skin and body, indigestion, bloating and regurgitation, increased sleep, numbness, increased saliva, watery nasal discharge (coryza), and without thirst.
A depressed person (with melancholy) with black skin and slim body, black thick blood, dyspepsia and epigastric pain, pseudo-appetite, increased thinking, and without thirst.
An edematous person with signs and symptoms like Hot - Bloody nature.
An edematous person with signs and symptoms like Cold - Phlegmatic nature.
A slim and dry person with signs and symptoms like Hot - Bilious nature.
A slim and dry person with signs and symptoms like Cold - Atrabilious nature.